Normative ethics is one of the oldest fields in philosophy. Prominent figures such as Aristotle, Hume, and Kant have written and developed distinctive positions in this field. Roughly said, normative ethics is a subfield of practical philosophy attempting to answer the questions which motives, actions, rules of actions, character traits or even institutions are required or forbidden, and why. In this introductory course we shall explore and discuss the most prominent traditions, positions, and methods in normative ethics (e.g., virtue ethics, moral sentimentalism, Kantian ethics and consequentialism) as well as the main problems and complexities of normative ethics and its relation to metaethics.